Filed Under: How To | Pie | Thanksgiving

Best Ever Pie Crust

By Tessa Arias
October 13th, 2022
4.96 from 131 votes
4.96 from 131 votes

How to Make the Best Ever Pie Crust with all the tips and tricks for a flaky beautiful crust that impresses your friends and family. For even more, download my free Pie Crust Troubleshooting Guide HERE.

Yield: 1 to 2 pie crusts

Prep Time: 30 minutes

Homemade pie dough is about a thousand times more flaky, tender, and flavorful than the store-bought kind. It takes a little bit of extra work to get a perfect pie crust, but it absolutely does not need to be as intimidating as it may seem.

Until the dough comes together in a cohesive ball, it seems like something has gone wrong. Not to mention all of the frustrations when pie dough shrinks or loses its shape after baking. I’ve factored in as many potential pie crust woes into this recipe to make it as foolproof as possible.

lattice fruit pie assembled and ready to bake

I actually completely overhauled my pie crust recipe in 2020 to make it even more tender and flaky. I took a bunch of feedback I’d received over the years from readers to improve the recipe and I’m SO happy with the results. Take a look at just how FLAKY:

Fruit pie with visibly flaky pie crust

I spent weeks testing, experimenting, and researching different pie dough methods, tips, and tricks. Some worked, others didn’t.

I’m sharing a ton of tips that truly work in this post, so let’s go ahead and get right into the juicy stuff. (Or should I say flaky stuff?)

P.S. Take a look at these pie crusts made by HTH community members. Many of whom had previously struggled to master pie dough. Follow the tips on this article to bake pies that look like these:

Top Pie Dough Tips:

For flaky pie crust, keep everything cold, especially your butter.

If your kitchen is above 73°F, you can refrigerate all of your ingredients and equipment including your bowl, rolling pin, and pie plate until it’s between 65-70°F (dip an instant thermometer into your flour to gauge the temperature). If it’s a hot day, or you have hot hands, you’re probably better off making your pie dough in a food processor.

If your kitchen is warm, fill freezer bags with ice and a little water and set them on your work surface for 10 minutes to chill it before rolling out your pie dough. This will prevent the butter from becoming greasy as you work with the dough.

Pea Sized vs. Large Chunks of Butter in Pie Dough:

The general rule of thumb is that smaller pieces of butter will result in a more mealy textured crust that holds up better to custard fillings. Larger chunks of butter will yield a flakier crust better suited for fruit fillings. Larger chunks also run the risk of creating pools of butter as your pie dough bakes. Overall, the differences can look relatively minor from a visual perspective once the crusts are baked.

If you don’t have a ton of pie dough experience or confidence, I’d recommend small pieces of butter. It makes the dough much easier to work with!

Take a look at what a difference it makes to use pea sized vs. large chunks of butter in pie crust:

Cut the butter into small uniform pieces

It should take just a couple minutes to cut the butter into the flour mixture so you don’t risk the butter getting too hot. For this reason, it’s helpful to start out with pieces of butter that are already small in size. I’ve included several options for processing the butter below. My personal favorite is to grate it like cheese!

Method 1: Grater or Knife

grated butter for pie doughTake your butter and freeze it for about 10 minutes, or until it’s super cold and firm. Using the large holes on a grater, literally grate the butter like cheese. If you have it, you can also use the grater attachment on your food processor. Return the grated butter to the freezer for another 10 minutes until it’s firm before adding into the flour mixture. You can get a similar effect without a box grater. Just freeze your butter for even longer, then use a sharp knife or bench scraper to slice it into chunks.

Working quickly, use your hands to further cut and break the butter into pieces the size of small peas. You can also use a pastry cutter/blender or two knives.

cutting butter into flour for pie dough

Method 2: Food Processor
Since I live in Phoenix where temperatures often exceed 85°F, I typically use a food processor to make pie dough. It’s quick, easy, and prevents the butter from warming up too much. Cube your sticks of butter with a bench scraper and freeze until firm. Add into the dry ingredients in the bowl of the food processor with the butter and pulse until the butter is the size of peas.

You want the butter to end up the size of little peas. This will help bring the dough together cohesively without overworking it.

Over-working the pie dough develops more gluten, which can make the baked crust tough and dense instead of light and flaky. This can also create shrinking in the crust while it’s baking. Additionally, over-working the dough with your hands can start to melt the butter, which will prevent that flaky texture from forming.

Creating pea-sized bits of butter will also prevent the butter from pooling into greasy puddles as the pie bakes. I used to use larger chunks of butter and would encounter these grease pools too often, so I’ve scaled back to much smaller pieces.

How much water to use for pie dough?

This is one of the trickiest parts of making pie dough. The reason is that many factors affect how much ice water you’ll need to add, such as the climate and humidity of your kitchen and the brand of flour you’re using. That’s why the recipe calls for a range of water. Add half of the total amount to start with. Toss it in to combine either by hand or with a few pulses of the food processor.

Pick up a piece of the mixture and pinch it between your fingers. It should hold its shape. If it crumbles away or seems really floury and dry, then you need to add more water.

At this point I like to turn the mixture out onto a work surface and begin pressing it together into one messy lump of dough. Doing so will give you a better indication if you need to add more water.

bringing together pie doughThe dough won’t look like much at first. It’ll be kind of craggly and messy looking, that’s okay.

Once you have a fairly cohesive mound of dough, flatten it into a disk and fold it onto itself, kneading gently as you work.

folding pie dough for more flaky layers

Do this a couple times to ‘laminate’ the dough. Every fold will give you more flaky layers. Just be careful to be gentle and work the dough only until it comes together into a smooth cohesive disk like this:

disk of pie dough

If you were to cut the mass in half, such as for a double crust pie, you can visibly see the layers of butter thanks to that extra folding step. These layers are going to bake into crispy tender flaky goodness:

disk of pie dough cut in half to reveal layers of butter

Give the dough a rest.

If you have problems with your crusts shrinking while baking OR if your crust becomes tough then it needs more time to rest so the gluten can relax so it doesn’t snap back to its original smaller shape. I’ve included these resting periods in the recipe directions.

two disks of pie dough wrapped in plasticAfter mixing it: wrap it in plastic and refrigerate overnight. You can shorten this to a few hours if you must, but I find overnight really makes a difference in preventing classic pie issues.
After rolling it out: let it rest in the fridge after you’ve rolled it out and placed it in the pie dish and/or after you’ve assembled. Do NOT stretch the dough to fit into the tin, as it will snap back like a rubber band while baking.

Now let’s move onto the other area of pie crust that I think frustrates a lot of people.

How to Roll Out Pie Dough

I typically roll out my dough on a marble pastry board, but that is totally optional. You can use the trick I mentioned above of icing down your counter before rolling to help keep things nice and cool. Avoid overworking the dough as you roll it out. Keep the dough moving on a lightly floured surface so you don’t roll over the same areas repeatedly, making it tough.

You’ll want about a 12-inch diameter for a 9-inch pie pan. Some pans are deeper than others, so factor that into your rolling. Whatever you do, make sure the thickness is about 1/8-inch for your pie crusts. Thinner will result in rips and tears. Thicker and it won’t cook through and get flaky.

pie dough rolled out into a circle

Flour your work surface, the dough itself, and your rolling pin throughout the process as needed. There are two inexpensive tools that I find are both a MUST when it comes to rolling out pie dough: a flour shaker and a bench scraper.

The flour shaker allows you to easily add flour wherever sticking might be happening. The bench scraper allows you to easily keep the dough moving as you roll it out, which is essential. I keep the dough moving in quarter-turns to prevent sticking and to keep it an even thickness.

Alternatively, you can roll the pie dough out between two sheets of parchment paper or plastic wrap. I find that most non-commercial paper and plastic wrap isn’t big enough to accommodate a 12- to 14-inch diameter circle, so I don’t often use this method.

If at any point the butter begins to get melty and sticky, return the dough to the fridge immediately.

Use your fingers to flute the edges of the pan if you wish. I find that I need to make a more dramatic flute than I might think since the design will loosen during baking. Whatever you do, don’t make the flute too thick and heavy, otherwise it’ll slump down the sides.

More dough than other recipes?

You might notice in the recipe below that I call for more ingredients than other recipes. This is because I think it’s easier to work with dough when you have a little more than you may need. It comes together more cohesively and if you get any rips, tears, or make any mistakes with a design you have extra.

This especially comes in handy if you have a deeper pie dish or if you want to get fancy with any designs.

Pie Crust: Butter vs. Shortening?

I’ve done an extensive amount of testing on pie crust. Let’s just say my kitchen has seen a LOT of butter. I made the messes and did the testing so you don’t have to. Here’s what I learned.

When it comes to pie dough, I’ve heard a lot of confusing and conflicting opinions about which is the better fat.

If you’re curious, you can learn more about the general differences between butter and shortening here.

But I actually tested the two fats in pie crust side-by-side to compare. I still need to do testing with lard, so stay tuned for that!


All-shortening dough can be easier to work with in one sense because unlike butter, shortening requires less chilling time. Shortening has a higher melting temperature than butter. However, this also means that unlike the very hard chunks of cold butter that remain in the control dough, shortening is soft enough that it is easily overworked, resulting in a crumbly crust instead of a flaky crust. In our blind-baked shortening crust, the parchment paper holding the pie weights actually stuck to the crust, pulling some of it off with it.

As you can see in the photograph, the all-shortening dough ended up being flat, tender, and fairly crumbly. The texture was actually reminiscent of shortbread, and it was completely lacking in flavor. In fact, the flavor reminded me of store-bought dough.


In this all-butter dough, there were plenty of visible chunks of butter studded throughout. Once it came together and was chilled, it was a bit of a challenge to maintain that perfect temperature where it’s warm enough to shape but cold enough that the butter doesn’t melt. Especially for me living in the desert. The extra effort paid off immensely, though. This pie crust was ridiculously light, flaky, and loaded with rich buttery flavor. You could immediately tell this was homemade, in the best way. This is why I almost always prefer a 100% butter pie crust.

If you like the benefits of shortening, then I’d recommend a 50-50 ratio of butter and shortening to get the best of both worlds.

Other Pie Crust “Tricks” Put to the Test


Testing out vodka in pie crust
A few reputable sources have claimed that by substituting a portion of the water with vodka in a pie crust recipe, you prohibit gluten development and therefore ensure a tender, flaky crust. I tested this against my standard pie crust recipe and found the differences to be slight. I don’t think it’s worth the extra effort if you don’t have chilled vodka on hand.

Optional SECRET Ingredient!!

Pie crust with sour cream

As you can see, I’ve done a lot of side-by-side testing of pie crust variations. Most of the time the classic recipe has won out, with a single exception. SOUR CREAM!

Sour cream acts as a tenderizer in baked goods, and I was curious to see if it would significantly affect the texture of pie crust. I added 2 tablespoons of sour cream to my standard single recipe along with the butter.

This dough was very soft and slightly sticky, but easy enough to work with. This pie crust puffed up to a surprising height. The texture was ultra light, puffy, and flaky, almost like puff pastry. If you have sour cream handy, I definitely suggest giving it a shot. Add in 2 tablespoons to the single recipe below, and reduce the water by about 2 tablespoons, or as needed.

Can you make Pie Dough ahead of time?

Yes! Pastry dough can be shaped into a disc and refrigerated for up to 3 days, as long as it’s well wrapped in plastic.

Unbaked pie shells can also be refrigerated for up to 3 days. This works perfectly for single-crust pies like pumpkin or sweet potato. Simply roll out your dough, lay it into your pie tin, crimp the edges, and cover loosely with plastic wrap. When ready, simply remove from the fridge, fill, and bake.

Pastry dough can also be shaped into a disc and frozen for up to 2 months, well wrapped in plastic and placed in a freezer bag or airtight container. Defrost in the fridge overnight. You can also freeze already rolled out dough if you have room in your freezer. You can use it straight from the freezer; just let it sit at room temperature briefly so it becomes easier to press into the pie pan.

Unbaked pie shells can also be covered and frozen for up to 2 months. No thawing necessary.

How to Bake Pie Dough

I’ve included instructions on how to blind-bake the crust for recipes that require an already baked crust. Otherwise, just follow the directions in the pie recipe you’re following for baking the crust. Or, check out my full article on How to Blind Bake Pie Crust here!

Pie Pans

The material of your pie pan can make a noticeable difference in how your pie bakes. This is actually something I talk about a lot in The Magic of Baking, my online baking class. Here’s what you need to be aware of at minimum:


These pans heat up and bake quickly, so you may need to shave some time off your baking to avoid overdoing it. Avoid dark or coated aluminum pans for baking pie crust, which are likely to result in overly browned crusts.


Glass bakes more slowly than aluminum, but since it’s slow and you can see how brown your crust is getting, you’re less likely to overbake. Don’t take your pie directly from the freezer to the oven unless the manufacturer says it’s safe to do so. I like this OXO glass pie pan because it’s made from borosilicate glass to withstand extreme temperature changes without shattering.


These are pretty for serving at special occasions, and like glass, they bake more slowly and shouldn’t be subjected to extreme temperature changes.

Place your pie pan on a rimmed baking sheet before putting in the oven. This helps you to remove the pie tin without damaging the crust with your oven mitts. Better yet? Place the sheet on a BAKING STONE to ensure a golden crispy bottom crust and avoid any sogginess.

Check out these Pie Recipes:

And now, finally, the BEST homemade pie crust recipe is below!


4.96 from 131 votes

How to make
Best Ever Pie Crust

Yield: 1 to 2 pie crusts
Prep Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 30 minutes
How to Make the Best Ever Pie Crust with all the tips and tricks for a flaky beautiful crust that impresses your friends and family. For even more, download my free Pie Crust Troubleshooting Guide HERE.


Single crust:

  • 1 1/2 cups (191 grams) all-purpose flour
  • 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
  • 3/4 teaspoon fine salt
  • 10 tablespoons (142 grams) cold unsalted butter
  • 4 to 6 tablespoons ice cold water

Double crust:

  • 3 cups (381 grams) all-purpose flour
  • 2 tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons fine salt
  • 2 1/2 sticks (284 grams) cold unsalted butter
  • 1/2 cup to 3/4 cup ice cold water


Make the dough:

By hand:

  1. Freeze your butter for 10 minutes, or until very cold. Grate the butter using the large holes of a box grater (or using the grater attachment of your food processor - see below). Return grated butter to freezer for another 10 minutes. Alternatively, you can also shred frozen butter into shards using a sharp knife.

  2. In a deep, medium-sized mixing bowl, combine the flour, sugar, and salt. Add the cold grated butter, tossing to combine. Working quickly, use your hands to further cut and break the butter into pieces the size of small peas. You can also use a pastry blender or two knives.

  3. Drizzle a few tablespoons of water on the mixture and toss to moisten. Continue adding the remaining water until the dough sticks together and stays stuck when pressed between two fingers. It’s okay if the dough is still crumbly and messy.

  4. Turn the mixture out onto a clean work surface. Use your hands to press the dough together into a craggily mass. Gently fold one half of the dough over and onto itself, repeating this three times, until it’s come together into a cohesive mass.
  5. Use a bench scraper to cut the dough in half (if making double crust). Wrap each half in plastic. Press down each plastic wrapped dough to create a 4-inch wide disk shape. Refrigerate at least six hours, preferably overnight.

By food processor:

  1. Freeze your butter until hardened, then use the grater attachment of your food processor to shred it. If you don't have the grater attachment, use a bench scraper to cube cold but not frozen butter into 1/2-inch pieces. Freeze the cubed butter for 10 minutes.

  2. In the bowl of a food processor, add the flour, sugar, and salt. Pulse a few times to combine. Add the cold grated or cubed butter and pulse for about 30 seconds, or until the butter pieces are uniform in size.

  3. Drizzle a few tablespoons of water on the mixture and pulse briefly a few times to moisten. Continue adding the remaining water until the dough sticks together and stays stuck when pressed between two fingers. It’s okay if the dough is still crumbly and messy.

  4. Turn the mixture out onto a clean work surface. Use your hands to press the dough together into a craggily mass. Gently fold one half of the dough over and onto itself, repeating this three times, until it’s come together into a cohesive mass.
  5. Use a bench scraper to cut the dough in half (if making double crust). Wrap each half in plastic. Press down each plastic wrapped dough to create a 4-inch wide disk shape. Refrigerate at least six hours, preferably overnight.

Roll out the dough:

  1. Let the dough sit at room temperature for 5 to 10 minutes, or until slightly pliable.
  2. Roll the dough out on a floured work surface. Keep turning the dough after every roll to ensure it doesn’t stick to the counter and is of even thickness. Add additional flour to the dough, the counter, and your rolling pin as needed. Roll out into a 12-inch circle about 1/8-inch thick.
  3. Gently roll the dough up and around the rolling pin, then unroll and drape over a 9-inch pie tin. Gently press into the pie tin, being careful to avoid stretching it to fit. Use scissors or a knife to trim the excess dough, leaving a 1-inch overhang. Fold the overhang under itself and crimp or flute. Pierce the base of the dough with a fork.

  4. Repeat above rolling process if making a double crust pie.
  5. Wrap the dough in plastic and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, or overnight. At this point consult your recipe directions for how to use the dough or follow options below.

Bake dough:

  1. If the pie recipe calls for a prebaked shell, preheat the oven to 425°F. For an extra crispy bottom crust, place your oven rack on the bottom shelf and if you have one, bake on a preheated baking stone.

  2. Line the chilled crust with foil. Fill the crust completely to the rim with pie weights, rice, or dried beans.

  3. Place on a rimmed baking pan.
  4. To par-bake if baking again with filling:
  5. Bake for 15 to 17 minutes, or until just beginning to brown and no longer raw.

To bake completely:

  1. Bake for 20 minutes or until solidified. Remove foil and weights. Continue to bake until totally browned at the edges with light browning in the center, about another 7 to 10 minutes.

Course : Dessert
Cuisine : American

This recipe was originally published in 2017 and updated in 2020 with recipe improvements, updated tips, and new photos. Photos by Ashley McLaughlin.

October 2021 Baking Challenge

This recipe was the October 2021 selection for our monthly baking challenge! Every month you can join the challenge by baking the recipe and snapping a photo for a chance to win prizes! Click here for full challenge details. Take a look at everyone’s pies:

Tessa Arias
Author: Tessa Arias

I share trusted baking recipes your friends will LOVE alongside insights into the science of sweets. I'm a professionally trained chef, cookbook author, and cookie queen. I love to write about all things sweet, carb-y, and homemade. I live in Phoenix, Arizona (hence the blog name!)

Tessa Arias

About Tessa...

I share trusted baking recipes your friends will LOVE alongside insights into the science of sweets. I'm a professionally trained chef, cookbook author, and cookie queen. I love to write about all things sweet, carb-y, and homemade. I live in Phoenix, Arizona (hence the blog name!)

Find Tessa on  

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Recipe Rating

  1. #
    Marla — October 16, 2022 at 7:53 am

    Why can’t I print these pages. ? Is there something I’m doing wrong? Thanks a bunch

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — October 17, 2022 at 1:02 pm

      Hi Marla! I can’t speak to your printer itself, but the printable version of this recipe should be accessible by clicking the little red printer icon at the top of the page. I have included the link to this printable page, too, in case that helps! Happy baking 🙂

  2. #
    Dee Dee — October 10, 2022 at 10:14 am

    I just found your wonderful site while searching for apple pie recipes. I love how you do actual research and share the comparison and results. Priceless.

    I do have a question about baking pies in cast iron. Do you have any experience, advice, warnings, etc.?

    Thank you so much.

    Dee Dee

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — October 13, 2022 at 10:42 am

      Hi Dee Dee! We’re so glad to hear that you are enjoying Handle the Heat! Unfortunately, no one on our team has experience baking pies in a cast iron, so we can’t give you any tips, sorry! Good luck with your experimenting! 🙂

  3. #
    Julie — September 18, 2022 at 2:32 pm

    If I want to try the sour cream trick, but am making the double recipe, do I add 4 tablespoons of sour cream?

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — September 20, 2022 at 1:01 pm

      Hi Julie! Yes, that is correct! Let us know what you think once you have tried this out! Happy baking 🙂

  4. #
    James — August 13, 2022 at 1:56 pm

    Looked great – rolled out great and then baked at 425 and ended up with a 1/4″ of melted butter pooled on the bottom.


    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — August 15, 2022 at 9:05 am

      Oh no! I’m so sorry to hear that, James! Was your dough very cold at the time it was placed in the oven? Sometimes butter will melt out fast if the dough isn’t thoroughly chilled. Also, do you have an oven thermometer? If your oven was colder than it says at the time of baking, that could also have caused the butter to leak out! Feel free to reach back out to us with any more information or questions – we are always happy to help! 🙂

  5. #
    Andy — August 6, 2022 at 2:11 pm

    Takes a bit of practice, but I found using a metal bowl set on top of a gel ice pack REALLY makes a difference in ensuring you don’t over work the dough.

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — August 8, 2022 at 1:21 pm

      Great tip, Andy! Glad this recipe is working for you! 🙂

  6. #
    Olivia — August 1, 2022 at 5:01 pm

    Hi – my crust seems like it’s melting/drooping over the edges in the oven. I made sure the butter was super cold and the pie was in the freezer before it was in the oven but the edges of the crust aren’t seeming to hold their integrity.

    Any tips?!

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — August 3, 2022 at 11:37 am

      Hi Olivia! Oh no, I’m sorry your pie melted in the oven! Here are a few thoughts that will hopefully help:
      – The crust wasn’t cold enough. I see you said the pie was in the freezer before it went in the oven – but how long was it in the freezer? It needs to be fully chilled for best results, and just a few minutes in the freezer might not be long enough if the dough warmed up a lot while being rolled out/filled – especially if you filled the pie with a warm filling.
      – Your crust may be too thick. If you make your crust super thick, especially where the top and bottom crusts meet/join, it can melt and slump in the oven.
      – You may have baked the pie at too low a temperature. Pies need a pretty high temperature so they set without the butter melting. This recipe calls for 425°F.
      – Tying into the previous note, your oven might be running a little cold. Do you have an oven thermometer to check that? Check out Tessa’s article here about ovens, full of tips!!
      I hope something here helps!! Good luck with your next pie 🙂

  7. #
    Susan — June 13, 2022 at 5:50 pm

    Hi Tessa and gang. I’d like to use both butter and shortening. Is it possible to provide me with the amounts of each of these ingredients?
    Thank you

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — June 14, 2022 at 1:17 pm

      Hi Susan! Tessa has done a lot of experimentation with butter vs. shortening, as you can see from the post above, and also her article linked here! If you prefer to use a combination of both, we recommend following Tessa’s Best Ever Pie Crust recipe, and using a 50/50 ratio of butter to shortening (so 71 grams of each for a single crust, or 190 grams of each for a double crust batch), and then continuing with the recipe as written!. I hope that helps! Feel free to reach out if you have any further questions 🙂

      • #
        Susan Jensen — June 14, 2022 at 6:45 pm

        Thank you so much for your advice regarding butter to shortening ratio! Tessa’s Best Ever Pie Crust has always been my go-to, but I’ve always used a butter shortening combo when I make pie crust. As I “asked my question” yesterday, I had already made one (2) crust batch using 1:1.25 (116 gr butter & 169 gr shortening), so I wasn’t to far off. I was surprised how many recipes that I found used different ratios of those 2 ingredients. I have a scribble pad full of notes and calculations to I landed on the one I’ve mentioned above. Fyi, I love that her recipe is makes a generous amount of dough, some are so skimpy that there’s literally not enough crust to roll out to a nice depth or make a decent edge. I always laminate the dough too. So at one time being intimidated when making pie crust, now I am totally confident and find that it’s fun and super rewarding to make pie with perfect crusts. Thx again!

        • #
          Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — June 15, 2022 at 7:57 am

          Hi Susan! I’m so happy to hear that you love this recipe, and Tessa will LOVE to hear that your confidence has grown so much as a result!! It genuinely makes our day to hear such things 🙂 I hope you enjoy your pie – I’m sure it will look beautiful and taste incredible!! Happy baking! 🙂

  8. #
    Michael Dwyer — June 9, 2022 at 4:02 pm

    Excellent crust! Easy to make and easy to work with.

    Only one issue: When wrapping to chill, is it better to shape the disk *after* it’s wrapped, rather than *before*? And should it be as tall as a 4″ disk will be? It not only seemed tall when it went into the ‘fridge, it took that much longer to roll out for crust.

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — June 10, 2022 at 8:02 am

      Hi Michael! Yes, you want to make a disk and then wrap it and refrigerate. You can refrigerate the dough disks as a little flatter, if you prefer, but Tessa just recommends this 4-inch wide size for maximum flakiness benefits! I’m so happy you enjoyed this pie crust! Happy baking 🙂

  9. #
    Susan J Sylvia — March 20, 2022 at 6:33 am

    I was thrilled to see that your recipe is nearly identical to the recipe I was given over 20 years ago by a local New England woman. She gave me the recipe verbally, and I still remember her saying “A cup and a quah-tah of shaht-ning. (I use butter of course.) Her recipe also included a tablespoon of vinegar, which may act similarly to the sour cream or vodka. I think the only thing left to try to get the perfect pie crust is to freeze and grate the butter! Awesome idea.

  10. #
    Tarah — December 24, 2021 at 10:10 am

    Has this recipe been updated? I watched the video that popped up where Tessa said she used large chunks of butter, but the text in this recipe said she USED to use large chunks of butter, but has scaled back to pea-sized. When i made the caramel apple streusel pie for Thanksgiving, i used larger chunks and it did melt like she indicated in the text of this recipe (everyone still loved it though)! I’m trying again today, so I’ll try the pea-sized chunks of butter.

    • #
      Emily — December 27, 2021 at 11:34 am

      Hi Tarah! Yes, this recipe was originally published in 2017 and updated in 2020 with recipe improvements, updated tips, and new photos. Tessa actually talks about it in the beginning of this post 🙂 I’d recommend following the tips in the pink box above the recipe. We also include step-by-step photos so you know what your dough should look like. I hope that helps! Please let us know how it goes 🙂

  11. #
    Trish — November 30, 2021 at 4:35 pm

    I found the handy hints SO helpful. I used the food processor method, because I have warm hands and with the warm weather it’s just a bad combo. The mixture came together very quickly in the food processor.

    I used the single batch for a small Nectarine Galette and mini Caramel Pear Pie and there really was a decent amount of dough to work with. The pie crust was absolutely delicious and this is officially my go-to pie crust recipe!

    • #
      Emily — December 1, 2021 at 11:29 am

      YUM! Both desserts sound absolutely amazing, Trish! So happy this is now your go-to recipe, thanks for sharing! 🙂

      • #
        Jasmine — August 5, 2022 at 2:55 am

        Hey! I’m making your French silk pie tonight, and would like to use this crust. However, am I reading this right? It takes 6 hours in the fridge then another 2 in the fridge and then (obviously) approx 30 mins to bake?

        Only asking because I want to make this pie by like 7pm. It’s 5am, and my head is spinning lol I’ve never made crust before, so now I’m second-guessing if I have enough time.

        • #
          Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — August 8, 2022 at 1:02 pm

          Hi Jasmine! This Best Ever Pie crust is best made with an overnight rest (which can be shortened to a few hours, if you must, but it’s definitely best with an overnight refrigerated rest!). Then, once rolled and placed in your pie pan, it needs to rest another 2 hours in the fridge. Meanwhile, the French Silk Pie needs to chill and set for hours. It looks like you needed this pie a couple of days ago, so I hope it all worked out for you!! 🙂

  12. #
    Lauren — November 26, 2021 at 2:45 pm

    I made my first pie yesterday using your crust recipe and it worked! I was intimidated at first, but I’m amazed at how it turned out. I have a question though for the future. I used a glass pie dish, it was a 50 min bake. The inside of the bottom didn’t seem to cook through all the way. The top was crisp (a little burnt spot on the crust), as was the outside…but for some reason the bottom didn’t make it all the way. Is there a way to remedy that for next time?

    • #
      Emily — December 1, 2021 at 11:45 am

      Hi Lauren! Try baking your pie on the lowest rack in your oven, and even bake it on a preheated baking stone if you have one. Depending on the recipe you’re making, you can also follow our instructions to par-bake or bake the crust completely prior to filling. I hope that helps!

  13. #
    TheBaldBaker — November 25, 2021 at 9:41 pm

    Made this with 3 different pies – pecan (HTH recipe), pumpkin and apple. All had buttery, flaky crusts. Great recipe.

  14. #
    Mary Vogel — November 24, 2021 at 1:31 pm

    I was skeptical about a new pie crust recipe, but you haven’t steered me wrong yet. This is the BEST pie crust I have ever made (and I have been making pie crust for over 50 years). It was a little more labor intensive, but soooo worth it. Rolled out like a dream, and flakier than I could imagine. Thank you, thank you, thank you 🙂

    • #
      Emily — November 29, 2021 at 3:58 pm

      Wonderful, Mary! Thrilled to hear how much you loved this recipe!

  15. #
    Bob — November 24, 2021 at 6:45 am

    Thank you! I’ve always used shortening for my crust and have never really been satisfied. This recipe yielded an outstanding pie crust, my go to recipe from here on.

    • #
      Emily — November 24, 2021 at 7:16 am

      So happy you tried this recipe and that it’s now your go to! Yay! Thanks so much for the comment 🙂

  16. #
    Lexy — November 22, 2021 at 5:00 pm

    I would like to make the double recipe using sour cream addition, but I did not see what increments should be using for the double, only the single? And do I add it in when I add the butter into the dry mixture?

    • #
      Emily — November 23, 2021 at 10:29 am

      Hi Lexy! The Double Crust ingredients list is directly below the Single Crust ingredient list in our recipe. As you plan to double the recipe, you’ll add 4 total tablespoons of sour cream. And yes, add the sour cream in along with the butter. Please let us know how it goes!

  17. #
    Cynthia Jarvis — October 31, 2021 at 11:34 pm

    Thank you! Thank you! Thank you for the amazing tutorial on how to make pie crust. I was so intimidated and you gave me the confidence to try again. I have never had a successful experience until now. Now that I know I can do it I will ALWAYS make my own. Can’t wait to finish this pie (sweet potato pie – your recipe) and dig in.

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:56 pm

      Woohoo!! So glad to hear that, Cynthia!

  18. #
    Rosalinda — October 31, 2021 at 8:14 pm

    such an amazing recipe. Delicious and super flaky!! i love it <33

  19. #
    Rosalinda — October 31, 2021 at 8:11 pm

    My daughter got me into baking and this is def my go to now. I absolutely love it and i don’t usually like pie crust that much!!!!

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:49 pm

      Amazing!! So happy to hear that, Rosalinda!

  20. #
    Jenny Kuzina — October 31, 2021 at 8:02 pm

    That’s great recipe and easy to work with, although it ended up too thick in my opinion

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:40 pm

      So glad you enjoyed this recipe, Jenny! An 1/8-inch thick crust is the common thickness for pie crust, I’d be careful making the crust any thinner as it will result in rips and tears, and your pie slices might not stay together as well. Did you make sure the crust was an even thickness throughout? If you thought the edges of the crust were too thick by fluting, you could try using a fork next time to flatten the edges instead, which is a pretty design as well 🙂 Hope that helps!

  21. #
    Christina — October 31, 2021 at 3:44 pm

    First time I’ve attempted pie crust and it turned out well!

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:31 pm

      Woohoo, that’s so exciting to hear!

  22. #
    Laurie — October 31, 2021 at 3:36 pm

    This is hands down the best, flakiest pie crust I’ve ever made! It will definitely be my go-to crust from now on! The dough was very easy to make and so easy to work with. Thank you!!

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:54 pm

      Yay!! Happy to hear it’s now your go-to recipe, thanks so much for sharing! 🙂

  23. #
    Amanda — October 31, 2021 at 3:27 pm

    Love this recipe! You can smell the butter as you’re rolling it out! Yum!

  24. #
    Alisha — October 31, 2021 at 1:25 pm

    Delicious, flaky pie crust. Recipe is very user friendly and easy to work with. Definitely my new go to pie crust recipe.

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:53 pm

      So happy to hear that, Alisha!

  25. #
    Madeline Rauch — October 30, 2021 at 9:12 pm

    This crust is so flaky and flavorful and easy to make! It rivals my grandmother’s recipe which has been the long-standing ‘best pie crust’ recipe in the family for years! The difference is that little bit of sugar that boosts the flavor and texture!

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:50 pm

      Wow, that’s so amazing to hear! Thanks for sharing, Madeline!

  26. #
    robin innaimo — October 30, 2021 at 8:23 pm

    My dough came out beautifully. It was so flaky and so delicious

  27. #
    Marguerite Sterling — October 30, 2021 at 2:03 pm

    I made the double recipe. It made a great pie crust. I tried it using the food processor but mine was not quite big enough to handle the double recipe.

  28. #
    Andrea Mondal — October 30, 2021 at 12:25 pm

    This pie crust is so versatile that it can be used for both sweet and savoury recipes. Must try!

  29. #
    LUCILLE BARRESI — October 30, 2021 at 12:01 pm

    Amazing, flaky pie crust!! I also followed Tessa’s advice and added 2 Tbl of sour cream to the dough. It was flaky and crispy and so yummy . Good idea to bake on a stone, too. Crust browned beautifully on the bottom.

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 4:05 pm

      So glad you enjoyed this recipe and tried the addition of sour cream! 🙂

  30. #
    Ashley — October 30, 2021 at 9:02 am

    This is a really great pie crust recipe. I love that it’s all butter. I usually have problems with my crusts shrinking but not with this one. I left this in the fridge overnight as the recipe instructed and I think that made the difference! We baked it and filled it with custard, bananas, and whipped cream for a banana cream pie. The crust was so flaky! Thanks for a great recipe!

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:29 pm

      Wonderful! So happy this recipe worked perfectly for you, banana cream pie sounds fantastic!

  31. #
    Alžbeta Kušnírová — October 29, 2021 at 9:39 pm

    I love the recipe! The dough was easy to work with and the final product was out of this world flaky!

  32. #
    Annelise — October 29, 2021 at 8:31 pm

    I’ve tried many pie crust recipes and this is the only one that reliably comes out well for me. So flaky and delicious! Really versatile for different pie or galette flavors.

  33. #
    Jessica — October 29, 2021 at 6:57 pm

    This pie crust is very soft and flaky and melts in your mouth. It’s excellent.

  34. #
    Sarah — October 29, 2021 at 6:35 pm

    Such a good and easy pie crust!!

  35. #
    Caroline — October 29, 2021 at 6:23 pm

    Great pie crust! I made pumpkin pie in a glass pan and the crust baked nicely throughout. Crispy, not soggy on the bottom!

  36. #
    Abigail — October 29, 2021 at 5:07 pm

    I’ve got 4 words for you. Oh my freaking gosh!

    First time I’ve ever made a pie crust and turned out fantastic! I took the advice of not re-using the pastry for the top and instead I made little chocolate pastry scroll thingys. They were such a yummy treat! I’ve got your brown butter coffee cake in the oven right now and smells and looks awesome! I absolutely love everything you guys do at HTH and I can only imagine the amount of effort put in to perfecting this awesome recipe.
    Tessa is my idol! <3

    Lotsa love,


    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:16 pm

      Aw yay!! So happy you enjoyed this recipe, Abigail! Chocolate definitely makes everything better, yum! I’ll be sure to relay your rave review to Tessa, thanks so much for sharing! 🙂

  37. #
    Carla — October 29, 2021 at 4:44 pm

    Super simple instructions and the recipe comes together so well. The results prove the science in baking truly works. So flaky and delicious! I made these into hand pies and will definitely be using this crust recipe again.

    • #
      Emily — November 1, 2021 at 3:13 pm

      Delicious! So happy you enjoyed them, yum!

  38. #
    Victoria C — October 29, 2021 at 3:21 pm

    I’ll admit, I was EXTREMELY reluctant to make this, seeing as how I am partial to an old family that I’ve tweaked to perfection (she said modestly) and the handful of other recipes I’ve tried turned out…poorly. I had lost all faith in making someone else’s crust – but, my mother convinced me to do it for this challenge and, well, I really shouldn’t be suprised at this point but I’m pleased to inform you that your recipie did not disappoint. Lovely flavor, very crispy, delightfully lofty, and, it was SO much easier to work with than mine! Only goes to show you should always listen to your mother.

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 29, 2021 at 4:23 pm

      Wow, this is such an honor! We’re absolutely thrilled you loved this pie crust recipe. Hopefully this is your new go-to pie crust recipe!

  39. #
    Robin Michaels — October 29, 2021 at 2:21 pm

    It was an easy recipe to follow! And i loved grating the butter! It made it easier to cut in!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 29, 2021 at 4:22 pm

      Hooray! It’s truly such a game changer to grate the butter!

  40. #
    Cherish — October 29, 2021 at 1:19 pm

    The easiest and most delicious pie dough recipe ever!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 29, 2021 at 1:45 pm

      So glad you think so!

  41. #
    Fithria — October 29, 2021 at 11:14 am

    Love this pie recipe

  42. #
    Megan — October 29, 2021 at 10:01 am

    Is totally the best pie crust ever. I’ve used it so many ways now.

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 29, 2021 at 1:46 pm

      SO glad to hear this!

  43. #
    Ashley — October 28, 2021 at 8:35 pm

    Thanks for the recipe!

  44. #
    Sarah — October 28, 2021 at 11:13 am

    I have tried A LOT of pie crusts over the last few years. This one was very easy to work with and tastes DIVINE!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 29, 2021 at 1:52 pm

      So glad to hear it!

  45. #
    Sana Hashim — October 28, 2021 at 10:54 am

    The only pie crust recipe I use! Turns out great every time.

  46. #
    Stephanie SMITLEY — October 27, 2021 at 6:11 pm

    Easy to follow directions and so tasty!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 28, 2021 at 10:01 am


  47. #
    Ally — October 27, 2021 at 5:45 pm

    This pie crust truly is the best ever! I could not believe how flaky and buttery and perfect it was. This is going to be the only crust I make from now on and bonus it was easy to make too!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 28, 2021 at 10:00 am

      This is so amazing to hear!

  48. #
    Mariah Cooper — October 27, 2021 at 5:02 pm

    This pie crust recipe was great! I am notoriously not a fan of traditional pie crusts and always choose alternatives or eat around it. But his pie crust turned out great – buttery, flakey, crispy, and actually delicious!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 28, 2021 at 10:00 am

      Yay!! I hope this recipe becomes a holiday tradition!

  49. #
    Kathleen Davis — October 27, 2021 at 2:08 pm

    This is the first time EVER that I have had success making pie dough from scratch. This recipe is easy to follow and works like a dream. No more store bought pie crusts for me! Thank you HTH!!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 28, 2021 at 10:00 am

      So, so happy to hear this. Thanks Kathleen!

  50. #
    Kathleen Prudencio — October 27, 2021 at 4:30 am

    So excited I made a 2-crust pie! My first ever. The crust was delicious and the directions very straightforward. This recipe is a keeper!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 27, 2021 at 10:54 am

      Yay! This is so amazing to hear, Kathleen!

  51. #
    Denise — October 26, 2021 at 5:07 pm

    Great tips for making a pie crust. Unfortunately mine didn’t turn out great. It was definitely my fault. I needed to roll it thinner and I used a different baking method than I was used to. I’ll definitely try again.

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 27, 2021 at 10:54 am

      Practice makes perfect! Let us know the next time you try this recipe out!

  52. #
    Jessica Saso — October 26, 2021 at 2:36 pm

    Amazing pie dough! So flaky and tender. I use this for EVERYTHING during the holiday season!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 27, 2021 at 10:53 am

      So glad you enjoyed!

  53. #
    Aviv — October 26, 2021 at 12:11 pm

    Wow!!! I’ve been so scared to make pie dough because it sounded so difficult but this was one of the easiest doughs to put together
    I made little hand pies and they came out absolutely delicious!!!! 10/10 would recommend

  54. #
    Esther Chow — October 25, 2021 at 11:27 pm

    This pie crust is delicious and easy to work with. I like that it makes extra dough because I need it.

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 26, 2021 at 12:13 pm

      Yay! So glad you love this pie recipe 🙂 The extra dough always comes in handy.

  55. #
    Dawn — October 25, 2021 at 1:20 pm

    Delicious Crust! Very easy!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 26, 2021 at 12:11 pm

      So glad you enjoyed this recipe!

  56. #
    Carly — October 24, 2021 at 8:03 pm

    So easy and flavorful. Made it in the food processor and it came out really good!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 25, 2021 at 9:37 am

      So thrilled you enjoyed this recipe, Carly!

  57. #
    Kathleen Prudencio — October 24, 2021 at 3:33 pm

    I did it! I’m so excited that I made a pie with a double crust! The directions were great and the process very straightforward. I’ll definitely message this again.

  58. #
    Kathleen Prudencio — October 24, 2021 at 3:22 pm

    I did it! First time ever messing a pie crust and it worked! Very easy recipe to follow and delicious. I’ll make this again, for sure.

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 25, 2021 at 9:38 am

      YAY! So glad this pie crust was a success for you, Kathleen!

  59. #
    Joy-Anne Tan Soong Hwei — October 23, 2021 at 8:48 pm

    This pie crust is AMAZING! I’ve used it for chicken pies, mini quiches and apple pie, although they did shrink a bit (my fault there, probably overworked the dough), they tasted soooooo good and was so buttery and flaky, not soggy at all!

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 25, 2021 at 9:43 am

      So thrilled you love this pie crust recipe!

  60. #
    Electra — October 23, 2021 at 5:46 pm

    Though i have a food processor, i prefer the by-hand + grated butter version.
    Added 2tbsp blueberry powder for halloween effect. Made a galette and was surprised to see the bottom didnt get soggy.
    Turned out great! My first home made pie crust! Thank you Tessa for such detailed posts like this.

    • #
      Haley Wehner — October 25, 2021 at 9:43 am

      Great idea adding the blueberry powder! So glad you love this recipe.

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